Enabling Pd Catalytic Selectivity via Engineering Intermetallic Core@Shell Structure


Core@shell nanoparticles (NPs) have been widely explored to enhance catalysis due to the synergistic effects introduced by their nanoscale interface and surface structures. However, creating a catalytically functional core@shell structure is often a synthetic challenge due to the need to control the shell thickness. Here, we report a one-step synthetic approach to core− shell CuPd@Pd NPs with an intermetallic B2-CuPd core and a thin (∼0.6 nm) Pd shell. This core@shell structure shows enhanced activity toward selective hydrogenation of Ar-NO2 and allows one- pot tandem hydrogenation of Ar-NO2 to Ar-NH2 and its condensation with Ar-CHO to form Ar-N=CH-Ar. DFT calcu- lations indicate that the B2-CuPd core promotes the Pd shell binding to Ar-NO2 more strongly than to Ar-CHO, thereby selectively activating Ar-NO2. The chemoselective catalysis demon- strated by B2-CuPd@Pd can be extended to a broader scope of substrates, allowing green chemistry synthesis of a wide range of functional chemicals and materials.

ACS Nano. 18(1): 178-185 (2024)
Brenda Rubenstein
Brenda Rubenstein
Associate Professor of Chemistry and Physics